General Assembly (GA)
The General Assembly (GA) is the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations. The GA’s resolutions have often fulfilled landmark roles in UN commitments to resolving international crises and conflicts. Within UT MUN's GA the focus will be on development aid and the threats to women during violent conflict.
Chairs: Florian Klienhoven and Didre Schutte
Chair Report 1: Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones
Chair Report 2: Ulterior Motives of Foreign Aid
Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones
Sexual violence in conflict regions has always had ample attention in the media. Mass rapes in the former Yugoslavian wars or during the Rwandan genocide sparked a new wave of feminism. “Sexual violence,” has been around for much longer. It is up to the Committee to come up with resolutions on how to deal with these issues. Until recently, it never used to be granted the attention and relative importance it really deserves to be attributed.
Sexual violence in conflict regions is not a side issue or an unfortunate side effect, but deserves to be regarded as one of the main human rights violations involved with wars. Understanding sexual violence also helps us develop a greater grasp of human rights issues and the consequent legal prosecutions.
Ulterior Motives of Foreign Aid
At the General Assembly convention of the United Nations in 1970, a resolution was passed in which it was agreed upon that wealthy countries would gradually increase their development assistance. Foreign aid would at least comprise 0.7% of their gross national product. Such a commitment was reaffirmed on multiple occasions since, and countries have ensued their promises with various degrees of success. The goals of humanitarian aid can vary from, among other things, immediate disaster relief, the promotion of infrastructure, the promotion of well-being of the people, or the promotion of political stability.
However, some people have begun to stand up against foreign aid, calling it counterproductive and resenting the idea of the Western world ‘coming to save them’. Some would even go as far as calling foreign aid a modern form of imperialism.
On the other hand, there are criticisms that focus on corruption in recipient countries or even within non-profit organisations responsible for organising aid. Other criticisms point toward money being invested in the wrong projects. However, in this convention of the United Nations General Assembly, the focus will be on an even more fundamental issue: the way in which donor governments and aid organisations regard aid investments.
However, organisations providing the aid sometimes bring their distinct set of values (e.g., anti-condom ideology), and sometimes governments of the providing nations set conditions for funding of foreign projects (e.g., the Mexico City Policy). Whereas, other donor nations in turn seem to send humanitarian aid for their own political or economic gain.