Security Council (SC)
The Security Council is the most powerful decision-making body of the UN, primarily tasked with the maintenance of international peace and security. It consists of five permanent members, along with ten elected members who are rotated every two years. The Security Council in UT MUN will assemble to discuss the South Sudanese Civil War, which is compromising the newly formed nation's internal security.
Topic: South Sudan Civil War
Chair Report: Issue of South Sudan
Chairs: Madis Lemsalu and Cristian Bololoi
South Sudan has an on-going civil war. There is many instances of human rights violations and civilian death. When most of the resolutions in 2016 ended up in 15-0-0 voting result, the one regarding South Sudan didn’t and sparked up heated debate.
The South Sudanese Civil War is a contemporary conflict between the country’s majority Dinka tribe, represented by President Salva Kiir, and the minority Nuer tribe, with the figurehead of former vice-president Riek Machar. Currently, more than 2.1 million people are internally displaced and 1.5 million refugees have fled the country — generating Africa’s largest hub of refugee efflux and subsequent to only Afghanistan and Syria on a global scale. Besides the refugee problem, an estimated number of 4.9 million people will be “severely food insecure” by July 2017.
Furthermore, upwards of 300,000 have been killed in the on-going war and multiple massacres with an ever increasing risk of genocide.